The Novel Oxazolidinone TBI-223 Is Effective in Three Preclinical Mouse Models of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection

Oren Gordon, Dustin A. Dikeman, Roger V. Ortines, Yu Wang, Christine Youn, Mohammed Mumtaz, Nicholas Orlando, Jeffrey Zhang, Aman M. Patel, Ethan Gough, Amit Kaushik, Eric L. Nuermberger, Anna M. Upton, Nader Fotouhi, Lloyd S. Miller, Nathan K. Archer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of various infections in humans, including bacteremia, skin and soft tissue infections, and infections associated with implanted medical devices. The emergence of hospital- and communityacquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) underscores the urgent and unmet need to develop novel, safe, and effective antibiotics against these multidrug- resistant clinical isolates. Oxazolidinone antibiotics such as linezolid have excellent oral bioavailability and provide coverage against MRSA infections. However, their widespread and long-term use is often limited by adverse effects, especially myelosuppression. TBI-223 is a novel oxazolidinone with potentially reduced myelosuppression, compared to linezolid, but its efficacy against MRSA infections is unknown. Therefore, the preclinical efficacy of TBI-223 (80 and 160 mg/kg twice daily) was compared with that of linezolid (40 and 80 mg/kg twice daily) and sham treatment in mouse models of MRSA bacteremia, skin wound infection, and orthopedic-implant-associated infection. The dosage was selected based on mouse pharmacokinetic analysis of both linezolid and TBI-223, as well as measurement of the MICs. In all three models, TBI-223 and linezolid had comparable dose-dependent efficacies in reducing bacterial burden and disease severity, compared with sham-treated control mice. Taken together, these findings indicate that TBI-223 represents a novel oxazolidinone antibiotic that may provide an additional option against MRSA infections. Future studies in larger animal models and clinical trials are warranted to translate these findings to humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMicrobiology Spectrum
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • antibiotic resistance
  • oxazolidinones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Genetics
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology
  • Ecology


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