The Innovative Socio-economic Interventions Against Tuberculosis (ISIAT) project: An operational assessment

C. Rocha, R. Montoya, K. Zevallos, A. Curatola, W. Ynga, J. Franco, F. Fernandez, N. Becerra, M. Sabaduche, M. A. Tovar, E. Ramos, A. Tapley, N. R. Allen, D. A. Onifade, C. D. Acosta, M. Maritz, D. F. Concha, S. G. Schumacher, Carlton A. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) affected households in impoverished shantytowns, Lima, Peru. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate socio-economic interventions for strengthening TB control by improving uptake of TB care and prevention services. DESIGN: Barriers to TB control were characterised by interviews with TB-affected families. To reduce these barriers, a multidisciplinary team offered integrated community and household socio-economic interventions aiming to: 1) enhance uptake of TB care by education, community mobilisation and psychosocial support; and 2) reduce poverty through food and cash transfers, microcredit, microenterprise and vocational training. An interim analysis was performed after the socio-economic interventions had been provided for 2078 people in 311 households of newly diagnosed TB patients for up to 34 months. RESULTS: Poverty (46% earned <US$1 per day), depression (40%), stigmatisation (77%), and perceived isolation (39%) were common among TB patients (all P < 0.05 vs. non-patients). The project had 100% recruitment, and involved 97% of TB-affected households in regular visits, 71% in community groups, 78% in psychosocial support and 77% in poverty-reduction interventions. The socio-economic interventions were associated with increases in household contact TB screening (from 82% to 96%); successful TB treatment completion (from 91% to 97%); patient human immunodeficiency virus testing (from 31% to 97%); and completion of preventive therapy (from 27% to 87%; all P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Socio-economic interventions can strengthen TB control activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S50-S57
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume15
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Control
  • Microcredit
  • Poverty
  • Social determinants
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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