The impact of prostate size on perioperative outcomes in a large laparoscopic radical prostatectomy series

Adam W. Levinson, Nicholas T. Ward, Aaron Sulman, Lynda Z. Mettee, Richard E. Link, Li Ming Su, Christian P. Pavlovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: To clarify the effects of pathologic prostate specimen weight on perioperative outcomes in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), a subject that has recently been analyzed in numerous smaller series. Patients and Methods: Data from our Institution Review Board-approved database was queried with attention to operative, perioperative, and pathologic outcomes. For analysis, LRP patients were divided into three groups by pathologic specimen weight: <35g, 35 to 70g, and >70g, and outcomes assessed. Outcomes were also analyzed using prostate weight as a continuous variable by multivariate regression. Results: Between April 2001 and April 2007, 802 consecutive patients underwent LRP for localized prostate cancer, and complete perioperative data were available for 720 (90%) of these men. Mean age, body mass index (BMI), preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and postoperative Gleason score were 57.6 years, 26.7 kg/m2, 5.9 ng/mL, and 6.3, respectively. Mean specimen weight was 51.3 g. When compared with lighter counterparts, patients with the heaviest glands were older (P < 0.01), had a higher PSA level (P < 0.01), and had a higher percentage of pathologically organ-confined disease (P < 0.01). By multivariate regression analysis, increasing prostate weight was associated with longer operative times, more blood loss, longer lengths of stay, and more perioperative complications (all P < 0.05). Of note, smaller glands trended toward a higher rate of positive surgical margins overall (P = 0.07) and in pT2 disease (P = 0.05), but there was no association between surgical margins and gland size in pT3 disease (P = 0.27). Increasing BMI was also independently predictive of positive margins regardless of prostate size (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Although perioperative outcomes are generally excellent after LRP irrespective of gland size, a larger prostate size is associated with longer operative time, more blood loss, longer length of stay, and increased complications. Patients with smaller glands and organ-confined disease appear to have a higher rate of positive surgical margins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endourology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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