The Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL). Factors derived from the HSCL-90

Ronald S. Lipman, Lino Covi, Arthur K. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

240 Scopus citations


A factor analysis of the 90-item version of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, performed on the pretreatment self-ratings of nonpsychotic outpatients with symptoms of depression and anxiety, revealed the presence of 8 clinically meaningful factors. These eight orthogonal factors each contained at least 5 items with loadings above 0.40 and explained 4.5% or more of the matrix variance. They were labeled Somatization, Phobic- Anxiety, Retarded Depression, Agitated Depression, Obsessive-Compulsive, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Anger-Hostility and Psychoticism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-24
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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