The HNK-1 reactive sulfoglucuronyl glycolipids are ligands for L-selectin and P-selectin but not E-selectin

Leila K. Needham, Ronald L. Schnaar

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178 Scopus citations


E-selectin, L-selectin, and P-selectin are related cell adhesion molecules that bind via their lectin domains to sialyl Lewis x and related carbohydrate determinants. Reports have indicated that sulfated glycolipids and polysaccharides also bind selectins. To extend these findings, we compared binding of selectin-IgG chimeras to immobilized sulfated and sialylated glycosphingolipids. E-, L-, and P-selectin chimeras all bound to surfaces adsorbed with 2,3-sialyl Lewis x glycolipid or sulfatide (galactosylceramide I3-sulfate) but not to surfaces adsorbed with control sulfated lipids (octadecyl sulfate, sphingosine sulfate). Notably, the L- and P-selectin chimeras but not E-selectin chimera bound to surfaces adsorbed with sulfoglucuronyl glycosphingolipids (SGNL lipids; e.g., IV3glucuronylneolactotetraosylceramide V3-sulfate). These unusual lipids have been reported as antigenic determinants for monoclonal IgM antibodies produced in patients with neuropathy associated with paraproteinemia and react with the mouse monoclonal antibody HNK-1. Binding of L- and P-selectin chimeras to SGNL lipids was specifically inhibited by appropriate anti-selectin antibodies. While binding of all three selectin chimeras to sialyl Lewis x was blocked by removal of calcium, binding to SGNL lipid was only modestly reduced by EDTA. Chemically desulfated SGNL lipid retained binding activity for L- and P-selectin chimeras, while methyl esterification of the glucuronic acid eliminated binding. We conclude that SGNL lipids, unlike sialyl Lewis x and sulfatides, selectively support L- and P-selectin but not E-selectin chimera binding. The presence of SGNL lipids on brain microvascular endothelium (and other endothelia) may implicate these molecules in leukocyte trafficking to the nervous system and elsewhere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1359-1363
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 1993


  • Cell adhesion
  • Glycosphingolipids
  • Sialyl Lewis x
  • Sulfatides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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