E-selectin, L-selectin, and P-selectin are related cell adhesion molecules that bind via their lectin domains to sialyl Lewis x and related carbohydrate determinants. Reports have indicated that sulfated glycolipids and polysaccharides also bind selectins. To extend these findings, we compared binding of selectin-IgG chimeras to immobilized sulfated and sialylated glycosphingolipids. E-, L-, and P-selectin chimeras all bound to surfaces adsorbed with 2,3-sialyl Lewis x glycolipid or sulfatide (galactosylceramide I3-sulfate) but not to surfaces adsorbed with control sulfated lipids (octadecyl sulfate, sphingosine sulfate). Notably, the L- and P-selectin chimeras but not E-selectin chimera bound to surfaces adsorbed with sulfoglucuronyl glycosphingolipids (SGNL lipids; e.g., IV3glucuronylneolactotetraosylceramide V3-sulfate). These unusual lipids have been reported as antigenic determinants for monoclonal IgM antibodies produced in patients with neuropathy associated with paraproteinemia and react with the mouse monoclonal antibody HNK-1. Binding of L- and P-selectin chimeras to SGNL lipids was specifically inhibited by appropriate anti-selectin antibodies. While binding of all three selectin chimeras to sialyl Lewis x was blocked by removal of calcium, binding to SGNL lipid was only modestly reduced by EDTA. Chemically desulfated SGNL lipid retained binding activity for L- and P-selectin chimeras, while methyl esterification of the glucuronic acid eliminated binding. We conclude that SGNL lipids, unlike sialyl Lewis x and sulfatides, selectively support L- and P-selectin but not E-selectin chimera binding. The presence of SGNL lipids on brain microvascular endothelium (and other endothelia) may implicate these molecules in leukocyte trafficking to the nervous system and elsewhere.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Feb 15 1993|
- Cell adhesion
- Sialyl Lewis x
ASJC Scopus subject areas