The expression of 1B6, a growth-regulated sequence isolated from a Syrian hamster fibroblast cDNA library, was studied in BALB/c 3T3 cells. The level of cytoplasmic 1B6 mRNA (1600 bases) was low in quiescent cells and plateaued in mid/late G1 after the cells were stimulated with 15% fetal calf serum (FCS). Protein synthesis was not required for the induction of 1B6 mRNA; therefore, the expression of 1B6 is a primary response to serum stimulation. The induction of 1B6 mRNA was also observed after stimulation with insulin, epidermal growth factor, and fibroblast growth factor but not with platelet-derived growth factor. When quiescent cells were serum-stimulated, the percentage of cells that became committed to enter DNA synthesis was proportional to the length of their incubation with serum. To determine if 1B6 expression was also correlated with the time of exposure to serum, quiescent cells were stimulated with a pulse of 15% FCS and the abundance level of 1B6 induced by that pulse was determined. The amount of 1B6 mRNA increased with increasing time of exposure to serum and paralleled the increase in the percentage of nuclei that were induced into DNA synthesis by the serum pulse. Comparison of the nucleotide sequence of the p1B6 cDNA to the GenBank database revealed a striking identity of 1B6 to the 3′ end of p36, the heavy chain of calpactin I. The previous characterization of p36 as a substrate for tyrosine kinases suggests a possible role for 1B6/p36 in Cell proliferation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology