The growing spine in marfan and loeys–dietz syndromes

Paul D. Sponseller, Jarred Bressner, Ehsan Jazini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Marfan and Loeys-Dietz Syndromes both involve connective tissues and TGF-beta signaling. Both may lead to spinal deformity which becomes severe at an early age. Bracing may only be of value if started before 25°. Growth-friendly strategies may be necessary. VEPTR may lead to kyphosis and forward trunk balance in these patients. Magnetically-controlled rods may not be feasible if the patients require periodic MRI for the cardiovascular system. Growing rods produce good deformity control in both conditions. The rate of rod fracture is higher in Loeys-Dietz syndrome, perhaps because of the greater tissue laxity. The surgeon should be aware of cervical deformity in this population, either at presentation or later in the course.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Growing Spine
Subtitle of host publicationManagement of Spinal Disorders in Young Children, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783662482841
ISBN (Print)9783662482834
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Cervical instability
  • Fibrillin
  • Kyphosis
  • Scoliosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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