The Efficacy of Parent Training for Promoting Positive Parent—Toddler Relationships

Deborah Gross, Louis Fogg, Sharon Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


The effectiveness of a parent training program for promoting positive parent‐child relationships was examined among families of 2‐year‐olds. Forty‐six mothers and fathers and their toddlers were assigned to either an intervention or comparison group. Intervention group parents participated in a 10‐week program that focused on principles for effectively interacting with their toddlers. Parents completed measures of parenting self‐efficacy, depression, stress, and perceptions of their toddler's behaviors and were videotaped playing with their toddlers preintervention, postintervention, and 3 months following the intervention. Repeated measures ANOVAs showed that the parent training program led to significant increases in maternal self‐efficacy, decreases in maternal stress, and improvements in the quality of mother‐toddler interactions. No significant effects were found among fathers. Explanations for obtaining different outcomes for mothers and fathers are discussed and directions for future research are recommended. ©1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489-499
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Nursing & Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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