Systemic lupus erythematosus, a chronic autoimmune disease of young women, has a higher incidence and prevalence in African Americans. The Hopkins Lupus Cohort, a prospective longitudinal study of SLE outcomes, has shown that race is a major predictor of clinical manifestations, laboratory and serologic tests, and disease-related morbidity. The effect of race on musculoskeletal morbidity remains even after adjustment for education, insurance status, and smoking.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of the American Medical Women's Association (1972)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1998|
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