OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether Hu23F2G (LeukoArrest), an antibody to the CD11/CD18 integrin receptors, would reduce infarct size in patients undergoing primary angioplasty for an acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Reperfusion injury in acute myocardial infarction has been shown experimentally to be related to neutrophil accumulation. Inhibitors of the CD11/CD18 or CD18 integrin receptors have been shown to reduce infarct size in experimental models. METHODS: Patients within 6 h of onset of chest pain with ST-segment elevation were randomized to receive either 0.3 mg/kg or 1.0 mg/kg of Hu23F2G or placebo just before angioplasty of occluded arteries (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction TIMI flow grade 0 or 1). The primary end point was infarct size as measured by sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan five to nine days later. RESULTS: Four-hundred and twenty patients were enrolled and received a placebo or the study drug. The groups did not differ in baseline or angiographic characteristics or angioplasty results. Infarct size was 16%, 17.2% and 16.6%, for placebo, 0.3 mg/kg and 1.0 mg/kg, respectively, of the left ventricle (p = NS). No differences were evident in those patients with anterior myocardial infarction or those presenting within 2 h of onset of chest pain. Corrected TIMI frame count was also not different between groups. Clinical events at 30 days were very low, with a mortality of 0.8%, 1.4% and 3.3%, respectively. The drug was well tolerated, with a slight increase in minor infections in the high dose group. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial demonstrated that an antibody to CD11/CD18 leukocyte integrin receptor did not reduce infarct size in patients who underwent primary angioplasty.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine