The serine/threonine kinase Akt is a component of the phosphatidylinositol 3′-kinase/Akt signal transduction pathway that is activated by receptor tyrosine kinases, activated Ras and integrins. As Akt regulates many processes crucial to carcinogenesis, and Akt activation has been observed in human cancers, intense efforts are underway to develop Akt inhibitors as cancer therapeutics. Towards this aim, phosphatidylinositol ether lipid analogues (PIAs), which are structurally similar to the products of phosphatidylinositol 3′ -kinase, have been synthesised. PIAs inhibit Akt translocation, phosphorylation and kinase activity. Furthermore, they selectively induce apoptosis in cancer cell lines that depend on Akt for survival. This review will trace the development of PIAs, cover the biological activities of PIAs and discuss future steps and challenges in their development. 2004 Ashley Publications Ltd.
- Phosphatidylinositol ether lipid analogue
- Pleckstrin homology domain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)