The challenge of world health

W. H. Mosley, P. Cowley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Worldwide, average life expectancy at birth rose from 47 to 67 years between the 1950s and late 1980s. But these improvements were unequally shared. Over 300 milliion people live in countries where life expectancy is below 50 years and one of every 10 newborns dies before age one. UNICEF has led a worldwide effort to improve child survival through education, inoculation campaigns, and nutrition and anti-malaria programs. Improved adult health in developed countries reflects lifestyle changes as well as medical technology. But it is not clear whether the elderly are living healthier as well as longer lives. In developed countries, unsanitary conditions and the effects of childhood illnesses may perpetuate major adult health problems, such as tuberculosis, liver cancer, and maternal mortality. Urbanization sometimes brings more accidental deaths and new health hazards. Recently, AIDS threatens further health gains - especially in sub-Saharan Africa where 10 million children may be orphaned by the disease by 2000. Good health can be achieved but it requires strong political and social commitment, especially to improve women's education and ensure equal access to health care. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPopulation Bulletin
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography


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