Today, the clinical trial process remains slow and paperbased. The creation of a Cancer Informatics Infrastructure (CII) can provide the architectural base across the continuum of cancer research and cancer care. Recommendations of a Long Range Planning Committee identified near-term activities for the Office of Informatics at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). These include participating in national standards development; fostering oncology-related terminology and standards, e.g., Common Data Elements (CDEs); and leveraging mainstream informatics and Internet technologies, using the successful Internet model that focuses on facilitating stakeholder participation, sponsoring the CII rather than subsidizing it, and providing a test bed as well as an infrastructure. Diffusion tactics include extending the CII concept beyond its 'early adopters' to the wider community through recommendations for the near-term and development of a major document defining next phase activities.