The Attitude of Practitioners Towards Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty

Dilhana Badurdeen, Jad Farha, Lea Fayad, Shahem Abbarh, Gagandeep Singh, Manol Jovani, Abdellah Hedjoudje, Atif Adam, Aayed Alqahtani, Manoel G. Neto, Vivek Kumbhari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Aim: Despite widespread adoption and encouraging results seen over the last 5 years, no consensus exists regarding the endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) technique, training, or preprocedure and postprocedure management of the patient. The aim of our survey was to assess practice trends and preferences of bariatric endoscopists with respect to ESG. Methods: Using a digital platform, we conducted a worldwide survey by emailing a link with an electronic questionnaire to 1200 bariatric endoscopists trained to perform endoscopic suturing using the Apollo Overstitch suturing device (Apollo Endosurgery). Results: We received 221 responses that were included in the analysis. Fifty-one responders (36.4%) required 1 to 10 procedures, and 37 (26.4%) needed 11 to 20 procedures to become proficient at ESG. Ninety-six (68.6%) stated that lower body mass index thresholds should be adopted for Asian and Arab patients. There was no consensus on the ideal number of sutures, with 45 (32.1%), 42 (30%), 36 (25.7%), 13 (9.3%), and 4 (2.9%) recommending 4 to 6, 5 to 7, 6 to 8, 7 to 9, and 8 to 12 sutures, respectively. The primary barriers to establishing an endobariatric program were the inability to establish a cash pay model, 77 (95.1%); lack of institutional support, 61 (75.3%); and difficulty in establishing an ambulatory surgical center/hospital to perform ESG, 73 (90.1%). Conclusions: ESG practice trends remain heterogenous among practitioners in regard to indication, technique, and preprocedure and postprocedure management. Specific ESG guidelines are warranted, and this survey will assist in providing the framework for these guidelines to be written.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-763
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of clinical gastroenterology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022


  • ESG guidelines
  • ESG training
  • Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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