The association between cecal insertion time and colorectal neoplasm detection

Moon H. Yang, Juhee Cho, Sanjay Rampal, Eun K. Choi, Yoon Ho Choi, Jun H. Lee, Young Ho Kim, Dong K. Chang, Poong Lyul Rhee, Jae J. Kim, Eliseo Guallar, Jong C. Rhee, Hee J. Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Background: Information on the impact of cecal insertion time on colorectal neoplasm detection is limited. Our objective was to determine the association between cecal insertion time and colorectal neoplasm detection rate in colonoscopy screening.Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of 12,679 consecutive subjects aged 40-79 years undergoing screening colonoscopy in routine health check-ups at the Center for Health Promotion of the Samsung Medical Center from December 2007 to June 2009. Fixed effects logistic regression conditioning on colonoscopist was used to eliminate confounding due to differences in technical ability and other characteristics across colonoscopists.Results: The mean cecal insertion time was 5.9 (SD, 4.4 minutes). We identified 4,249 (33.5%) participants with colorectal neoplasms, of whom 1,956 had small single adenomas (<5 mm), 595 had medium single adenomas (5-9 mm), and 1,699 had multiple adenomas or advanced colorectal neoplasms. The overall rates of colorectal neoplasm detection by quartiles of cecal insertion time were 36.8%, 33.4%, 32.7%, and 31.0%, respectively (p trend <0.001).The odds for small single colorectal adenoma detection was 16% lower (adjusted OR 0.84; 95% CI 0.71 to 0.99) in the fourth compared to the first quartile of insertion time (p trend 0.005). Insertion time was not associated with the detection rate of single adenomas ≥5 mm, multiple adenomas or advanced colorectal neoplasms.Conclusion: Shorter insertion times were associated with increased rates of detection of small colorectal adenomas <5 mm. Cecal insertion time may be clinically relevant as missed small colorectal adenomas may progress to more advanced lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 6 2013


  • Cecal insertion time
  • Colorectal neoplasm
  • Screening colonoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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