Background and objectives: Poor linear growth is a well described complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study evaluated whether abnormal birth history defined by low birth weight (LBW; <2500 g), prematurity (gestational age <36 weeks), small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight <10th percentile for gestational age), or intensive care unit (ICU) at birth were risk factors for poor growth outcomes in children with CKD. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Growth outcomes were quantified by age-sex-specific height and weight z-scores during 1393 visits from 426 participants of the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children Study, an observational cohort of children with CKD. Median baseline GFR was 42.9 ml/min per 1.73 m2, 21% had a glomerular diagnosis, and 52% had CKD for ≥90% of their lifetime. Results: A high prevalence of LBW (17%), SGA (14%), prematurity (12%), and ICU after delivery (40%) was observed. Multivariate analyses demonstrated a negative effect of LBW (-0.43 ± 0.14; P < 0.01 for height and -0.37 ± 0.16; P = 0.02 for weight) and of SGA (-0.29 ± 0.16; P = 0.07 for height and -0.41 ± 0.19; P = 0.03 for weight) on current height and weight. In children with glomerular versus nonglomerular diagnoses, the effect of SGA (-1.08 versus -0.18; P = 0.029) on attained weight was more pronounced in children with a glomerular diagnosis. Conclusions: LBW and SGA are novel risk factors for short stature and lower weight percentiles in children with mild to moderate CKD independent of kidney function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine