Temporal CT changes after hepatic and renal interstitial radiotherapy in a canine model

Stephen B. Solomon, Leonidas G. Koniaris, David Y. Chan, Carolyn A. Magee, Theodore L. DeWeese, Louis R. Kavoussi, Michael A. Choti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this work was to define the temporal CT characteristics of hepatic and renal ablation following point-source radioablation utilizing a low energy, photon X-ray source emitted from a miniature probe. Method: Twelve mongrel dogs underwent each of three hepatic and two renal point-source radiation ablations. Animals underwent serial, dual phase, spiral CT scans and were killed at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. Results: Ablative lesions were clearly visible at 1 month following therapy and consistently diminished in size over the 6 months of follow-up. Lesion size tended to be proportional to dose delivered. Both hepatic and renal lesions were low in attenuation with frequent rim enhancement that diminished over time. Hepatic lesions frequently showed transient hepatic attenuation differences (THADs). Lesion size appeared independent of proximity to vessels. Conclusion: Following hepatic or renal interstitial radiotherapy, lesions are generated that are similar in CT appearance to those produced by other ablative techniques. The presence of rim or THAD enhancement can be seen early on as part of the normal tissue-healing response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001


  • Brachytherapy
  • Computed tomography
  • Kidney, carcinoma
  • Liver, carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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