Telemedicine applied to disaster medicine and humanitarian response: History and future

Victoria Garshnek, Frederick M. Burkle

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Despite decades of telemedicine experience, there are few reports of telemedicine applied in disaster and humanitarian assistance situations. Historically, only large governments and commercial enterprises have been able to acquire the necessary systems and infrastructures. During the past decade, the military, space programs, and various governmental agencies have progressively developed telemedicine applications and tested them in real and simulated civilian disaster emergencies. New technologies on the horizon will greatly simplify disaster communications, enhance telemedicine capabilities, and make telemedicine accessible to a greater number of users. This paper reviews the history of telemedicine activities during actual disasters and related situations, provides insight into issues that must be addressed, and summarizes innovations that are likely to improve future disaster outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalProceedings of the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 32nd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS-32 - Maui, HI, USA
Duration: Jan 5 1999Jan 8 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)


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