Targeting of Membrane Proteins to the Regulated Secretory Pathway in Anterior Pituitary Endocrine Cells

Rajaâ El Meskini, Gregory J. Galano, Ruth Marx, Richard E. Mains, Betty A. Eipper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Unlike the neuroendocrine cell lines widely used to study trafficking of soluble and membrane proteins to secretory granules, the endocrine cells of the anterior pituitary are highly specialized for the production of mature secretory granules. Therefore, we investigated the trafficking of three membrane proteins in primary anterior pituitary endocrine cells. Peptidylglycine α-amidating monooxygenase (PAM), an integral membrane protein essential to the production of many bioactive peptides, is cleaved and enters the regulated secretory pathway even when expressed at levels 40-fold higher than endogenous levels. Myc-TMD/CD, a membrane protein lacking the lumenal, catalytic domains of PAM, is still stored in granules. Secretory granules are not the default pathway for all membrane proteins, because Tac accumulates on the surface of pituitary endocrine cells. Overexpression of PAM is accompanied by a diminution in its endoproteolytic cleavage and in its BaCl2-stimulated release from mature granules. Because internalized PAM/PAM-antibody complexes are returned to secretory granules, the endocytic machinery of the pituitary endocrine cells is not saturated. As in corticotrope tumor cells, expression of PAM or Myc-TMD/CD alters the organization of the actin cytoskeleton. PAM-mediated alterations in the cytoskeleton may limit maturation of PAM and storage in mature granules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3384-3393
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 2 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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