Transformation of the respiratory-defective mutant (E264/U2) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with a yeast genomic library yielded two different plasmids capable of restoring the ability of the mutant to grow on non-fermentable substrates. One of the plasmids (pG52/T3) contained SDH1 coding for the flavoprotein subunit of mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase. The absence of detectable succinate dehydrogenase activity in mitochondria of E264/U2 and the lack of complementation of the mutant by an sd1 1 null strain indicated a mutation in SDH1. The second plasmid (pG52/T8) had an insert with reading frame (YJL045w) of yeast chromosome X coding for a homologue of SDH1. Subclones containing the SDH1 homologue (SDH1b), restored respiration in E264/U2 indicating that the protein encoded by this gene is functional. The expression of the two genes was compared by assaying the β-galactosidase activities of yeast transformed with plasmids containing fusions of lacZ to the upstream regions of SDH1 and SDH1b. The 100-500 times lower activity measured in transformants harbouring the SDH1b-lacZ fusion indicates that the isoenzyme encoded by SDH1b is unlikely to play an important role in mitochondrial respiration. This is also supported by the absence of any obvious phenotype in cells with a disrupted copy of SDH1b.
|Number of pages
|Published - Aug 1998
- Succinate dehydrogenase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology