The rapid association of Na-[16-14C]palmitate with isolated rat liver mitochondria was measured by an oil separation method. This association was time- and temperature-dependent and was absolutely dependent on the presence of exogenous ATP and coenzyme A and partially dependent on exogenous carnitine. Carnitine dependence was enhanced at lower concentrations of [14C]palmitate. At 6.5 μM [14C]palmitate (molar ratio of palmitate to albumin equal to 0.54) the rate of association was linear for 20 sec and was increased more than 100% in the presence of carnitine. Carnitine-dependent association was inhibited by 2-bromo-palmitate, an inhibitor of carnitine acyltransferase I, but not by (+)-octanoylcarnitine, a presumed inhibitor of carnitine acyltransferase II. The association of [14C]palmitate with mitochondria was enhanced from 190 to 330% in mitochondria isolated from fasted animals and from 160 to 230% in mitochondria isolated from diabetic, ketotic animals as compared to control animals. The enhanced association with mitochondria from fasted animals was inhibited by 2-bromo-palmitate. These studies demonstrate a method of evaluating fatty acid association with mitochondria which, because of its dependence on carnitine and carnitine acyltransferase I activity, most likely represents true uptake into mitochondria. Furthermore, these studies indicate that the carnitine-dependent uptake of fatty acids into mitochondria is enhanced in the two ketotic states evaluated and that the carnitine acyltransferase system may be a regulatory site in ketone body production.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Lipid Research|
|State||Published - 1978|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology