Suicide and Suicidal Ideation in Classic Exstrophy

William G. Reiner, John P. Gearhart, Brad Kropp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Purpose: Currently chronic illness is not a recognized risk factor for suicide in children. Therefore, we evaluated vulnerability for suicidal behavior (suicide attempt and suicidal ideation) in our population of young patients with classic bladder exstrophy. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the charts of 121 patients 5 to 24 years old with classic bladder exstrophy only from a combined, 2-center database of 935. These patients were psychologically evaluated from 1996 to 2005 for preoperative readiness for urological surgery or for coping with medicosurgical health requirements. Results: Of 121 patients 18 (14.9%) experienced suicidal ideation. Of 38 patients (31.4%) older than 14 years 11 experienced suicidal ideation, 2 experienced a serious suicidal attempt and 1 completed suicide. In 36 patients (30%) there were no recorded data on suicidal behavior. All patients with suicidal behavior were male. Conclusions: Data from this study of classic exstrophy imply that there are clinically significant vulnerabilities for suicidal behavior in affected male children, adolescents and young adults. These findings argue for screening those with classic exstrophy for suicidal behavior and psychopathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1661-1664
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008


  • abnormalities
  • bladder
  • bladder exstrophy
  • psychopathology
  • suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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