Substance Abuse: Caffeine Use Disorders

Roland R. Griffiths, Chad J. Reissig, Michael B. First

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


Caffeine is the most widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world. In the United States, almost 90% of adults and children consume caffeine regularly. Habitual consumption of coffee, tea, or caffeinated soft drinks with meals is extremely common and may not be readily recognized as caffeine consumption. Although this cultural integration of caffeine use can make the identification of psychiatric disorders associated with caffeine use difficult, it is important for the psychiatrist to appreciate the role of caffeine as a psychoactive substance capable of producing a variety of psychiatric syndromes. In this chapter, five disorders associated with caffeine use are reviewed: caffeine intoxication, caffeine withdrawal, caffeine dependence, caffeine-induced anxiety disorder, and caffeine-induced sleep disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPsychiatry
Subtitle of host publicationThird Edition
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780470065716
StatePublished - Aug 8 2008


  • Adenosine
  • Agitation
  • Alcoholism and caffeine
  • Anxiety
  • Caffeine conditioned flavor preferences
  • Caffeine dependence
  • Caffeine fading
  • Caffeine intoxication
  • Caffeine reinforcement
  • Caffeine tolerance
  • Caffeine use in psychiatric patients
  • Caffeine withdrawal
  • Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder
  • Caffeine-induced sleep disorder
  • Cigarette smoking and caffeine
  • Coffee
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Drowsiness
  • Dysphoric mood
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Lethargy
  • Nervousness
  • Panic attacks and caffeine
  • Postanesthesia headache
  • Restlessness
  • Soda
  • Soft drinks
  • Tea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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