The caudal human nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) is composed of 10 subnuclei. The commissural subnucleus spans the midline below the obex, merging rostrally into the medial subnucleus. The other subnuclei of the NTS are best seen just above the obex. The ventrolateral subnucleus contains large, darkly staining neurons. The interstitial subnucleus consists of neurons lying in groups intermingled with the fibers of the tract. The lateral subnucleus is small at caudal levels, merging with the interstitial subnucleus more rostrally. The dorsal subnucleus contains large melanotic neurons and encircles the substantia gelatinosus. a round, cell-poor subnucleus. The ventromedial subnucleus curls around the medial and ventral edge of the tract. The intermediate subnucleus, laying ventrolateral to the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus, also contains melanotic neurons. The subpostremal subnucleus separates the area postrema from the NTS proper. The medial subnucleus is the largest subnucleus in the caudal NTS, containing medium-sized fusiform neurons. Adoption of a uniform cytoarchitectural map of the caudal NTS will permit more accurate comparisons between human and nonhuman studies.
- Brainstem Nucleus of the solitary tract Area postrema Human Cytoarchitecture
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