Studies of IgE-dependent histamine releasing factors: Heterogeneity of IgE

Susan M MacDonald, L. M. Lichtenstein, D. Proud, M. Plaut, R. M. Naclerio, D. W. MacGlashan, A. Kagey-Sobotka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


Nasal lavage fluids from unstimulated individuals contain a histamine-releasing factor (HRF) similar to those which we have previously described from macrophages, platelets, and from blister fluids obtained during the late cutaneous reaction. The nasal HRF was partially purified by ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration. Although some m.w. heterogeneity was observed, the majority of the HRF eluted at an apparent m.w. range of 15,000 to 30,000. This partially purified HRF induced histamine release from basophils of certain individuals. Histamine release occurred via a mechanism which is IgE-dependent in that: 1) basophils desensitized by exposure to anti-IgE in the absence of calcium no longer respond to HRF, and desensitization with HRF reduces responsiveness to anti-IgE; and 2) removal of IgE from the basophil surface by using lactic acid renders cells unresponsive to HRF. We have further defined this IgE dependence and have shown that the reason that only selected basophil donors respond to HRF is due to a previously unrecognized, functional heterogeneity of IgE. Thus, passive sensitization using sera from responders restored the responsiveness of acid-stripped basophils and conferred responsiveness to basophils of a nonresponder with naturally unoccupied IgE receptors. Sera from nonresponders failed to do this even though similar numbers of IgE molecules were put onto the basophil surface in each case. This property of responder sera was due to IgE because both heating sera at 56°C for 2 hr and passage of sera over anti-IgE-Sepharose (which removes >90% of the IgE) markedly reduced the ability of sera to induce responsiveness, and because an excess of either purified IgE myeloma or purified penicillin-specific IgE antibody from a nonresponder competitively inhibited the ability of IgE from responder sera to induce responsiveness to HRF. We conclude that nasal lavage fluids contain an HRF which induces basophil histamine release in a specific, IgE-dependent fashion but only from individuals with the appropriate type of IgE. Because we have shown that basophils are recruited into the nose during the late-phase reaction, we suggest that nasal HRF may induce these cells to release histamine and other mediators which could contribute to the symptomatology of the late-phase reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)506-512
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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