Structure of anxiety and depression in urban youth: An examination of the tripartite model

Sharon F. Lambert, Thomas E. Joiner, Norman B. Schmidt, Beth T. McCreary, Nicolas S. Ialongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


In this study, the authors examined the validity of the tripartite model of anxiety and depression (L. A. Clark & D. Watson, 1991) in a community epidemiological sample of 467 urban African American youth. Participants completed the Baltimore How I Feel (N. S. Ialongo, S. G. Kellam, & J. Poduska, 1999), a measure of anxiety and depressive symptoms, in Grades 6 and 9. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that a 3-factor model representing the tripartite model fit the data well and better than competing models. Longitudinal confirmatory factor analysis revealed configural invariance of the tripartite factor structure. However, a predicted divergence among dimensions over time was not evidenced. High correlations among the tripartite dimensions suggest that anxiety and mood symptoms may not differentiate in urban youth. Results are discussed in terms of the ethnicity and urban context of this community sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)904-908
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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