Objective: To determine the frequency of clinically important bleeding (CIB) among children hospitalized for status asthmaticus with and without exposure to stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP). Methods: We performed a single-center, retrospective cohort in 217 children admitted for asthma exacerbation aged 5–18 years from May 2015 to May 2017. We assessed cohorts with and without exposure to SUP to determine if differences in frequency of CIB exist. Study outcomes included frequency of CIB, gastrointestinal complications (occult bleeding, macroscopic bleeding, gastric perforation, and acquired gastritis), and SUP-related adverse events (ventilator associated pneumonia, C. difficile colitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and acute thrombocytopenia). Results: Ninety-two (42%) children received SUP of which 82 were admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). There were no differences in asthma severity or known risk factors for CIB in children with and without SUP in the PICU subcohort. We observed no CIB or SUP-related adverse events. Two subjects acquired gastritis in the no-SUP cohort and one additional subject experienced occult gastrointestinal bleeding with spontaneous symptom resolution. Conclusion: Children admitted for status asthmaticus with and without SUP had no observed incidence of CIB. In this specific population, we propose a prerequisite assessment for the presence of known stress ulcer related gastrointestinal bleeding risk factors prior to the blanket administration of SUP.
- Pediatric intensive care unit
- gastrointestinal bleeding
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine