Stigma against people with HIV/AIDS in rural ethiopia, 2005 to 2011: Signs and predictors of improvement

Eshetu Girma, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Michelle R. Kaufman, Rajiv N. Rimal, Sudhakar N. Morankar, Rupali J. Limaye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This study sought to determine trends in and factors associated with stigma against people with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. Rural data from the 2005 and 2011 Demographic and Health Surveys were analyzed. HIV testing rates among males increased dramatically from 2005 to 2011 (8-35 %). Among females, testing rates dropped 10 % during the same period. HIV knowledge was associated with stigma, shown by a negative correlation in both data waves, but groups with higher knowledge tended to have lower stigma. Lower levels of knowledge were uniformly associated with higher levels of stigma, but higher levels of knowledge, combined with higher levels of education, were associated with lower levels of stigma in a multiplicative way. Improvements in knowledge can serve as an important intermediate process to behavior change. The found interaction suggests improvements in either education or knowledge can reduce stigma, and when both are improved, stigma reduction will be more dramatic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1046-1053
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2014


  • Ethiopia
  • Knowledge
  • Rural
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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