Status of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and methods to monitor it in the Latin America and Caribbean region

Jesus M. Garcia Calleja, Neff Walker, Paloma Cuchi, Stefano Lazzari, Peter D. Ghys, Fernando Zacarias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


The paper presented is a review of the available epidemiological data on the situation in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region, and looks at HIV prevalence in specific population groups. At the end of 2001, HIV remains an important health issue in the LAC region. Twelve countries in the region have an estimated prevalence of 1% or higher among pregnant women. Most of the LAC countries with generalized epidemics are located in the Caribbean basin. In the past decade there has been a slow but continuous increase in HIV prevalence rates among the general population and vulnerable groups, although information in some countries is limited. In many countries, the highest HIV prevalence among vulnerable groups is found among men who have sex with men. HIV infections related to injecting drug use are concentrated in the countries of the Southern Cone and Brazil. HIV is well anchored in the region, concentrated in vulnerable groups in most countries, but with an increasing presence in some countries in the general population. There is a need to improve data collection and introduce new tools to monitor behavior trends and the impact of interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S3-S12
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
StatePublished - Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • AHC
  • AIDS
  • Caribbean
  • Epidemiology
  • HIV
  • IDU
  • Latin America
  • MSM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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