State Variation in School-Based Disability Services Financed by Medicaid

Julia B. Baller, Colleen L Barry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


To understand the role of Medicaid in financing health services delivered through special education, program characteristics and covered services were compared from all 50 states and Washington, D.C. Data were collected from school-based fee schedules and policy manuals available through state Medicaid or education agencies. Except Wyoming, all states bill Medicaid for school-based health services, but there is substantive variation across states in services covered. The service categories most often covered by states’ Medicaid special education programs are speech–language/audiology, occupational/physical therapy, and behavioral health. Almost all states use a fee-for-service payment methodology to reimburse for services. Implications for the delivery of care to and health outcomes of students with disabilities are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-157
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Disability Policy Studies
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016


  • finance
  • health care
  • Medicare/Medicaid
  • policy
  • school reform/restructuring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Law


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