Stage 4 compressive-extension injury of the cervical Spine: A theoretical stage?

Kyung Soo Suk, Ki Tack Kim, Jung Hee Lee, Sang Hun Lee, Jin Soo Kim, Jae Hyung Eoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Study Design. Case reports of stage 4 compressive-extension injury (CES-4). Objective. To present CES-4, which has been known as a theoretical stage. Summary of Background Data. Compressive-extension stage 3 and 4 lesion has been considered as theoretical stages between the mild and advanced lesions of the compressive-extension phylogeny. Methods. Clinical and radiologic details are presented documenting the CES-4 injury. Results. The authors have encountered 2 cases of CES-4 injury and in this study report the radiographic findings and describe the surgical treatment of the cases. Conclusion. CES-4 is not a theoretical stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E733-E738
Issue number15
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical spine
  • Compressive-extension injury
  • Fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology


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