Stability and changes in living arrangements: Relationship to nursing home admission and timing of placement

Judith D. Kasper, Liliana E. Pezzin, J. Bradford Rice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Objectives. To examine whether stability of living arrangements and changes in household composition - both types and frequency - influence nursing home placement or timing to entry among older people. Methods. Data from the first 5 waves of the Assets and Health Dynamics of the Elderly (1993-2002) on 8,093 persons aged 70 years or older at baseline are used in probit and hazard models to predict nursing home entry and time to entry. Results. Stable living arrangements carry different risks of institutionalization. Those living continuously alone or with others were at highest risk; at lowest risk were those living continuously with a spouse or the same child (lowest overall). Changes in household composition were protective against nursing home entry and slowed time to entry; types of change were not influential when number of changes was taken into account. Discussion. Results suggest that stability of living arrangements in and of itself is not protective against institutionalization. Having options that allow one to change living arrangements over time in response to changing needs for assistance is of importance if the goal is to avoid institutional care or extend community residence prior to entry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)783-791
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume65 B
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Generational studies
  • Health services use
  • Living arrangements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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