Spirituality, Resilience, and Anger in Survivors of Violent Trauma: A Community Survey

Kathryn M. Connor, Jonathan R.T. Davidson, Li Ching Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

184 Scopus citations


This study evaluates the relationship between spirituality, resilience, anger and health status, and posttraumatic symptom severity in trauma survivors. A community sample (N = 1,200) completed an online survey that included measures of resilience, spirituality (general beliefs and reincarnation), anger, forgiveness, and hatred. In survivors of violent trauma (n = 648), these measures were evaluated with respect to their relationship to physical and mental health, trauma-related distress, and posttraumatic symptom severity. Using multivariate regression models, general spiritual beliefs and anger emerged in association with each outcome, whereas resilience was associated with health status and posttraumatic symptom severity only. Forgiveness, hatred, and beliefs in reincarnation were not associated with outcome. The importance of these findings to treating trauma survivors is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-494
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of traumatic stress
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Community survey
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Resilience
  • Spirituality
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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