Spirituality in Nursing and Health-Related Literature: A Concept Analysis

Loralee Sessanna, Deborah Finnell, Mary Ann Jezewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Spirituality has become an increasingly popular concept among the nursing and health-related literature. The purpose for conducting this concept analysis, guided by Walker and Avant's methodology, was to (a) examine how spirituality has been used within the current body of nursing and health-related literature, (b) clarify the meaning of spirituality by discovering what this concept's current critical attributes/characteristics are, and (c) propose a definition of spirituality based on the concept analysis findings. A total of 90 references were reviewed, including 73 nursing and health-related references. Concept analysis findings revealed that spirituality was defined within four main themes in the nursing and health-related literature: (a) spirituality as religious systems of beliefs and values (spirituality = religion); (b) spirituality as life meaning, purpose, and connection with others; (c) spirituality as nonreligious systems of beliefs and values; and (d) spirituality as metaphysical or transcendental phenomena.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-262
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Holistic Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • concept analysis
  • health-related literature
  • nursing
  • spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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