Spectral Studies on Cyclic Enamino Ketones1a

Edward J. Cone, Robert H. Garner, A. Wallace Hayes

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68 Scopus citations


Vinyl proton chemical shifts in 3-amino-2-cycloalkenones parallel those of cyclic enamines in being inversely ordered relative to the following apparent order of increasing nitrogen lone-pair-electron delocalization: morpholino < dimethylamino < pyrrolidino and 1-cyclohexenylamines < 1-cyclopentenylamines. Similar effects are apparent in 2-amino-2-cycloalkenones, but the actual order of vinyl proton chemical shifts is reversed because of greater electron withdrawal from β positions in 2-cyclopentenones than from those in 2-cyclohexenone systems. Greater nitrogen lone-pair-electron delocalization into five- than six-membered rings is demonstrated by variable temperature nmr data which indicates ~2-3 kcal/mol larger δG for rotation about the C--N bond of the enamino ketone system in five- than in six-membered-ring 3-dimethylamino-2-cycloalkenones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4436-4439
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number26
StatePublished - Dec 29 1972
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry


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