Soluble intracellular adhesion molecule 1 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of allergic subjects following segmental antigen challenge

Nobuyoshi Takahashi, Mark C. Liu, David Proud, Xiao Ying Yu, Shizuo Hasegawa, Ernst W. Spannhake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine the relationship of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid during allergic airway inflammation to those in the vascular compartment and to cellular components in the BAL fluids. A group of 11 allergic subjects underwent initial bronchoscopy during which a control BAL was performed and normal saline (NS) and specific antigen (Ag) were administered to two sublobar segments. A second bronchoscopy was performed 17 to 21 h later, and the NS and Ag segments were lavaged. Blood was drawn before each bronchoscopic procedure. The mean concentration of sICAM-1 in BAL fluid from NS-challenged segments was 59.2 ± 7.6 ng/ml and was not different from that in unchallenged segments (51.5 ± 5.6 ng/ml). In BAL fluid from Ag- challenged segments, mean concentrations of sICAM-1 increased significantly to 97.5 ± 12.5 ng/ml. Segmental antigen challenge was associated with a small but statistically significant increase in sICAM-1 concentrations in serum. The concentrations of sICAM-1 in BAL fluid after antigen challenge exceeded levels that could be accounted for by passive transudation from the circulation, based upon the magnitude of increases in BAL albumin concentrations. The levels of sICAM-1 in BAL from Ag-challenged segments were correlated significantly with the total white cell, lymphocyte, neutrophil, and eosinophil counts in BAL fluids. These results are supportive of the notion that the local release of sICAM-1 may play a role in allergen-induced inflammatory processes in the airways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)704-709
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume150
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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