Site-directed mutagenesis and computational study of the Y366 active site in Bacillus subtilis protoporphyrinogen oxidase

Lu Sun, Xin Wen, Ying Tan, Heyang Li, Xing Yang, Yuefang Zhao, Baifan Wang, Qiongyao Cao, Congwei Niu, Zhen Xi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase (PPO), the last common enzyme of heme and chlorophyll biosynthesis, catalyses the oxidation of protoporphyrinogen IX to protoporphyrin IX, with FAD as cofactor. Among PPO, Bacillus subtilis PPO (bsPPO) is unique because of its broad substrate specificity and resistance to inhibition by diphenylethers. Identification of the activity of bsPPO would help us to understand the catalysis and resistance mechanisms. Based on the modeling and docking studies, we found that Y366 site in bsPPO was adjacent to substrate and FAD. In order to evaluate the functional role of this site, three mutants Y366A Y366E and Y366H were cloned and kinetically characterized. The efficiency of catalysis for Y366A and Y366H reduced to 10% of the wild-type enzyme's activity, while Y366E just retained 1%. Y366E shows large resistance (K i = 153.94 μM) to acifluorfen. Molecular docking was carried out to understand the structure and functional relationship of PPO. The experimental results from the site-directed mutagenesis are consistent with the computational studies. The residue at position 366 is seemed to be responsible for substrate binding and catalysis and involved in herbicide resistance of bsPPO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-530
Number of pages8
JournalAmino Acids
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Kinetics
  • Molecular docking
  • Protoporphyrinogen oxidase
  • Site-directed mutagenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Site-directed mutagenesis and computational study of the Y366 active site in Bacillus subtilis protoporphyrinogen oxidase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this