Serum uric acid and the risk of mortality during 23 years follow-up in the Scottish heart health extended cohort study

Stephen P. Juraschek, Hugh Tunstall-Pedoe, Mark Woodward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Background: Elevated uric acid is a prevalent condition with controversial health consequences. Observational studies disagree with regard to the relationship of uric acid with mortality, and with factors modifying this relationship. Objective: We examined the association of serum uric acid with mortality in 15,083 participants in the Scottish Heart Health Extended Cohort (SHHEC) Study. Methods: Serum uric acid was measured at study enrollment. Death was ascertained using both the Scottish death register and record linkage. Results: During a median follow-up of 23 years, there were 3980 deaths. In Cox proportional hazards models with sexes combined, those in the highest fifth of uric acid had significantly greater mortality (HR 1.18, 95% CI: 1.06, 1.31) compared with the second fifth, after adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. This relationship was modified by sex (P-interaction=0.002) with adjusted HRs of 1.69 (95% CI: 1.40, 2.04) and 0.99 (95% CI: 0.86, 1.14) in women and men, respectively. Compared with the second fifth, the highest fifth of uric acid was most associated with kidney-related death (HR: 2.08, 95% CI: 1.31, 3.32). Conclusion: Elevated uric acid is associated with earlier mortality, especially in women. Future studies should evaluate mechanisms for these interactions and explore the strong association with renal-related mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-629
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cohort
  • Hyperuricemia
  • Kidney disease
  • Mortality
  • Scottish heart health extended cohort (SHHEC)
  • Uric acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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