Self-injurious behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorder enrolled in the Study to Explore Early Development

Gnakub Norbert Soke, Steven A. Rosenberg, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Roma A. Vasa, Li Ching Lee, Carolyn DiGuiseppi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We assessed potential factors associated with “current” or “ever” self-injurious behaviors, reported in the Autism Diagnostic Interview–Revised, among children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 692) from the Study to Explore Early Development. Data on factors examined were obtained from questionnaires, standardized clinical instruments, and birth certificates. We employed a log-binomial regression to assess these associations. Although most associations were quite similar for currently and ever exhibiting self-injurious behaviors, a few differences were noted. We documented previously unreported associations of current self-injurious behaviors with maternal age and cesarean delivery, and ever self-injurious behaviors with maternal age, child sex, gestational age, and maternal race. We also confirmed previously reported associations with adaptive skills, somatic conditions (sleep, gastrointestinal, and sensory abnormalities), and other behavioral problems. These findings are informative for clinical practice and future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-635
Number of pages11
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • autism
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • challenging behaviors
  • developmental disabilities
  • self-injurious behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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