Self-assembling paclitaxel-mediated stimulation of tumor-associated macrophages for postoperative treatment of glioblastoma

Feihu Wang, Qian Huang, Hao Su, Mingjiao Sun, Zeyu Wang, Ziqi Chen, Mengzhen Zheng, Rami W. Chakroun, Maya K. Monroe, Daiqing Chen, Zongyuan Wang, Noah Gorelick, Riccardo Serra, Han Wang, Yun Guan, Jung Soo Suk, Betty Tyler, Henry Brem, Justin Hanes, Honggang Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The unique cancer-associated immunosuppression in brain, combined with a paucity of infiltrating T cells, contributes to the low response rate and poor treatment outcomes of T cell-based immunotherapy for patients diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Here, we report on a self-assembling paclitaxel (PTX) filament (PF) hydrogel that stimulates macrophage-mediated immune response for local treatment of recurrent glioblastoma. Our results suggest that aqueous PF solutions containing aCD47 can be directly deposited into the tumor resection cavity, enabling seamless hydrogel filling of the cavity and long-term release of both therapeutics. The PTX PFs elicit an immune-stimulating tumor microenvironment (TME) and thus sensitizes tumor to the aCD47-mediated blockade of the antiphagocytic “don’t eat me” signal, which subsequently promotes tumor cell phagocytosis by macrophages and also triggers an antitumor T cell response. As adjuvant therapy after surgery, this aCD47/PF supramolecular hydrogel effectively suppresses primary brain tumor recurrence and prolongs overall survivals with minimal off-target side effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2204621120
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number118
StatePublished - 2023


  • cancer
  • chemotherapy
  • hydrogel
  • immunotherpay
  • self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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