Self-administration in baboons and the discriminative stimulus effects in rats of bupropion, nomifensine, diclofensine and imipramine

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63 Scopus citations


The behavioral effects of the antidepressants nomifensine, diclofensine, bupropion, and imipramine were examined using a cocaine substitution drug self-administration procedure in baboons and a cocaine drug discrimination procedure in rats. Intravenous self-administration of the antidepressants was examined in baboons under conditions in which baseline responding was maintained by intravenous injections of cocaine HCl (0.32 mg/kg/injection). Drug was available under a fixed-ratio 80-response or 160-response schedule of intravenous injection. Each drug injection was followed by a 3-h time-out allowing a maximum of eight injections per day. The antidepressants or their vehicles were substituted for cocaine for a period of 15 days, followed by a return to the cocaine baseline. Nomifensine, diclofensine, and bupropion all maintained self-administration behavior at levels above those maintained by their respective vehicles. Some doses of nomifensine, diclofensine, and bupropion maintained levels of behavior similar to those maintained under baseline cocaine conditions. High doses of imipramine maintained levels of behavior above those maintained by its vehicle, but the amount of behavior maintained under these conditions was extremely small. In a second experiment rats were trained to discriminate 32 μmol/kg cocaine (IP 10 min presession) from no drug in a two-lever food reinforced drug discrimination procedure in which responding on one lever was reinforced following ten consecutive responses when the session was preceded by cocaine administration, while responding on the other lever was similarly reinforced in the absence of cocaine pretreatment. Cocaine, nomifensine, diclofensine, and bupropion all dose-dependently occasioned cocaine-appropriate responding. Imipramine did not occasion cocaine-appropriate responding over a range of behaviorally active doses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1990


  • Baboon
  • Bupropion
  • Cocaine
  • Diclofensine
  • Drug abuse
  • Drug discrimination
  • Imipramine
  • Nomifensine
  • Rat
  • Self-administration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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