Selection of Gene-Marked Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes from Post-Treatment Biopsies: A Case Study

Paul Aebersold, Attan Kasid, Steven A. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Patients with malignant melanoma have been treated with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) marked by retroviral gene transduction. The retroviral vector contained a gene coding for the bacterial enzyme neomycin phosphotransferase, such that transduced TIL expressing the enzyme could survive otherwise toxic concentrations of the neomycin analogue G418. For 1 patient, who exhibited a complete regression of cancer after treatment with TIL, lymphocytes from post-treatment blood and tumor biopsies were cultured in IL-2, and transduced TIL were recovered by G418 selection. Analysis of T-cell receptor heterogeneity indicated that the transduced TIL recovered from the tumor biopsy were different from TIL that were kept strictly in vitro and selected in G418. The selection process required weeks in culture, during which time control cultures changed radically in subset composition, so there was also a simultaneous selection for long-term in vitro growth advantage. It cannot be certain that the TIL subsets preferentially recovered from the tumor biopsy corresponded to those that mediated complete elimination of tumor in this patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-384
Number of pages12
JournalHuman gene therapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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