Seizures, Epilepsy, and Electroencephalography Findings in Pediatric Moyamoya Arteriopathy: A Scoping Review

Rachel Penn, Dana Harrar, Lisa R. Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although seizures are known to occur in children with moyamoya arteriopathy, data regarding characteristics, prevalence, and predictive factors for their development are less established. This study aimed to systematically review literature addressing seizures, epilepsy, and electroencephalography findings in the pediatric moyamoya population. Methods: A scoping review was performed by searching PubMed and Ovid:Embase databases for articles that described seizures, epilepsy, and electroencephalography findings in patients aged 0 to 21 years with moyamoya arteriopathy. Results: The search yielded 43 total articles that addressed the following topics in childhood moyamoya: seizures as the presenting symptom, epilepsy characteristics and management, characteristic electroencephalography findings including rebuildup with discussion of proposed mechanisms, and potential predictive clinical factors for the development of seizures preoperatively and the persistence of epilepsy postoperatively. In the reviewed literature, 9% to 19% of children with moyamoya had epilepsy, with over half of the cases lacking radiographic evidence of ischemia. Young age was the most consistent clinical factor associated with both seizures as the presenting symptom and with moyamoya-related epilepsy. Multiple studies report that seizures, electroencephalographic background abnormalities, and the rebuildup phenomenon improve after successful revascularization surgery. Conclusions: This scoping review provides a thorough investigation of the literature available to date on the clinical features of seizures in the pediatric moyamoya population. Literature on this topic is scarce and further studies assessing predictive factors for the development of epilepsy, prognosis as a result of having seizures, and seizure management in this population will help to fill existing knowledge gaps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-103.e2
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume142
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsy
  • Moyamoya
  • Pediatric
  • Seizure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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