Segmentation and labeling of the ventricular system in normal pressure hydrocephalus using patch-based tissue classification and multi-atlas labeling

Lotta M. Ellingsen, Snehashis Roy, Aaron Carass, Ari M. Blitz, Dzung L. Pham, Jerry L. Prince

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations


Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) affects older adults and is thought to be caused by obstruction of the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). NPH typically presents with cognitive impairment, gait dysfunction, and urinary incontinence, and may account for more than five percent of all cases of dementia. Unlike most other causes of dementia, NPH can potentially be treated and the neurological dysfunction reversed by shunt surgery or endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), which drain excess CSF. However, a major diagnostic challenge remains to robustly identify shunt-responsive NPH patients from patients with enlarged ventricles due to other neurodegenerative diseases. Currently, radiologists grade the severity of NPH by detailed examination and measurement of the ventricles based on stacks of 2D magnetic resonance images (MRIs). Here we propose a new method to automatically segment and label different compartments of the ventricles in NPH patients from MRIs. While this task has been achieved in healthy subjects, the ventricles in NPH are both enlarged and deformed, causing current algorithms to fail. Here we combine a patch-based tissue classification method with a registration-based multi-atlas labeling method to generate a novel algorithm that labels the lateral, third, and fourth ventricles in subjects with ventriculomegaly. The method is also applicable to other neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease; a condition considered in the differential diagnosis of NPH. Comparison with state of the art segmentation techniques demonstrate substantial improvements in labeling the enlarged ventricles, indicating that this strategy may be a viable option for the diagnosis and characterization of NPH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2016
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
EditorsMartin A. Styner, Elsa D. Angelini, Elsa D. Angelini
ISBN (Electronic)9781510600195
StatePublished - 2016
EventMedical Imaging 2016: Image Processing - San Diego, United States
Duration: Mar 1 2016Mar 3 2016

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherMedical Imaging 2016: Image Processing
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


  • Enlarged brain ventricles
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Labeling
  • MRI
  • Segmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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