Scope and organization of the Guide to Community Preventive Services

Stephanie Zaza, Robert S. Lawrence, Charles S. Mahan, Mindy Fullilove, David Fleming, George J. Isham, Marguerite Pappaioanou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Background: The diverse nature of the target audience (i.e., public health decision-makers) for the Guide to Community Preventive Services: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Recommendations (the Guide) dictates that it must be broad in scope. In addition, for the Guide to be most useful for its target audience, its organization and format must be carefully considered.Determining the Scope of the Guide: Healthy People objectives and actual causes of death were used to determine the contents of the Guide. A priority setting exercise resulted in the selection of 15 topics for systematic reviews using the following criteria: burden of the problem, preventability, relationship to other public health initiatives, usefulness of the package of topics selected and level of current research and intervention activity in public and private sectors. Interventions within each topic target state and local levels and include population-based strategies, individual strategies in other than clinical settings and group strategies.Organization of the Guide: The Guide is organized into: Introduction, Reviews and Recommendations (three sections: Changing Risk Behaviors, Reducing Diseases, Injuries, or Impairments, and Addressing Environmental and Ecosystem Challenges), Appendixes, and Indexes.Discussion: The scope and organization of the Guide were determined using relevant public health criteria and expert opinion to provide a useful and accessible document to a broad target audience. While the final contents of the Guide may change during development, the working table of contents described in this paper provides a framework for development of the Guide and conveys its scope and intention. Copyright (C) 2000 American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of preventive medicine
Issue number1 SUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Jan 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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