School connectedness and child anxiety

Paige J. Pikulski, Jeffrey E. Pella, Elizabeth P. Casline, Amy E. Hale, Kelly Drake, Golda S. Ginsburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Poor school connectedness (SC), defined as students' feelings of belonging, safety, and fairness at school, is a risk factor for negative psychosocial outcomes. Few studies have examined the specific relationship between SC and anxiety. This study examined the relation between SC and anxiety within a group of 114 clinically anxious youth (mean age = 10.82; SD = 2.93; 48.2% female; 70.2% White, non-Hispanic); age differences were also examined. Results indicated that SC was significantly negatively associated with age but unrelated to gender, race/ethnicity, socio-economic status, parent education, or presence of a comorbid disorder. Findings generally revealed that low SC was associated with greater total and domain specific anxiety. SC may play a unique role in the maintenance of global and domain specific anxiety symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2020


  • child anxiety
  • school-connectedness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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