Schistosoma mansoni: The immune response against cercarial glycocalyx

Atef H. Hussein, Moustafa A. Kaddah, Hassan H. Hamadto, Ibrahim A. El-Hayawan, Paul T. Strickland, Salahadin Abubaker, Clive J. Shiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Schistosoma mansoni cercarial glycocalyx was separated and purified by Sephacryl-300 SR. It was found to stimulate the humoral immune response in mice injected with it. Antiglycocalyx antibodies raised in CD/I mice were found to be cytotoxic to schistosomula in vitro. But conversely, no protective effect was demonstrated in vivo. Eosinophil-mediated cytotoxicity was found to have no effector function in the murine immune response against schistosomes. A monoclonal antiglycocalyx IgM was prepared during our study. It was found to have no cytotoxic effect on schistosomules in vitro. However, it was found to have an inhibitory activity blocking the cytotoxic effect of other antiglycocalyx isotypes in the immune mouse. The contradiction between the result of antiglycocalyx antibody-mediated cytotoxicity obtained in vivo and that obtained in vitro is in itself revealing and suggests that the effect is crucially dependent upon factors as yet poorly understood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-429
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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