Scale development for perceived school climate for girls' physical activity

Amanda S. Birnbaum, Kelly R. Evenson, Robert W. Motl, Rod K. Dishman, Carolyn C. Voorhees, James F. Sallis, John P. Elder, Marsha Dowda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Objectives: To test an original scale assessing perceived school climate for girls' physical activity in middle school girls. Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM). Results: CFA retained 5 of 14 original items. A model with 2 correlated factors, perceptions about teachers' and boys' behaviors, respectively, fit the data well in both sixth and eighth graders. SEM detected a positive, significant direct association of the teacher factor, but not the boy factor, with girls' self-reported physical activity. Conclusions: School climate for girls' physical activity is a measurable construct, and preliminary evidence suggests a relationship with physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-257
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescents
  • Exercise
  • Physical activity
  • School

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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