Sacral protuberance with cleft lip and palate: Prenatal presentation of 3MC syndrome

Cathleen Lawson, Karin J. Blakemore, Rebecca Ryan, Jody E. Hooper, Michael Tsimis, Angie Jelin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


3MC syndromes are rare heterogeneous autosomal recessive conditions previously designated as Mingarelli, Malpuech, Michels, and Carnevale syndromes, characterized by dysmorphic facial features, facial clefts, growth restriction, and intellectual disability. 3MC is secondary to mutations in the MASP1, MASP3, COLEC11, and COLEC10 genes. The number of patients with 3MC syndrome with known mutations in the COLEC11 or MASP1 is, to date, less than 50. At the time this case presented (2015), the only gene identified in Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man to be associated with 3MC syndrome was MASP1. We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first prenatal report of 3MC syndrome, secondary to a homozygous variant in MASP1. Fetal findings included bilateral cleft lip and palate, abnormality of the sacral spine, a right echogenic pelvic kidney, and brachycephaly. 3MC syndrome should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis when fetal ultrasound detects facial clefts and spinal defects, as the risk of recurrence is significant and a molecularly confirmed diagnosis allows for alternate reproductive options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1812-1814
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • 3MC syndrome
  • MASP1
  • cleft lip
  • cleft palate
  • fetal
  • sacral protuberance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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