Rural Primary Care Program Survival: An Analysis of Financial Variables

Leiyu Shi, Michael E. Samuels, Thomas R. Konrad, Carol Q. Porter, Carleen H. Stoskopf, Donna L. Richter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This study examines the effect of financial characteristics of rural primary care programs on the probability of their continuing as federally funded entities. A randomly selected national cohort of rural primary care programs (n=162) was used to compare financial measures of programs that were continuing and those that were noncontinuing. Financial data were obtained from 1978‐1987 Bureau Common Reporting Requirements (BCRR) forms submitted to the Bureau of Health Care Delivery and Assistance of the Department of Health and Human Services as part of the requirement to receive federal grant support for the programs. The results emphasize the importance of both outside funding and increased level of self‐sufficiency in the continuation of rural primary care programs. Noncontinuing programs often suffer from both a lack of self‐sufficiency and a lack of outside funding, mostly from federal sources. To a lesser extent, the number of patients also affects the program's chance of continuation. From a policy perspective, government intervention is both necessary and likely if rural primary care programs are to succeed and fulfill their mission of providing primary care for the medically underserved who are primarily poor, uninsured, and unable to pay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-182
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of Rural Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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